Pre-Anaesthetic Tests

When you place your pet in our hands, you trust us to provide your pet with the best possible medical care. You expect us to provide you with advice which will allow you to make the best decision for your pet. In order to offer you the peace of mind you deserve, we recommend pre-anaesthetic testing prior to placing your pet under anaesthesia.

As in human medicine, the anaesthetics available for anesthetising our companion pets are extremely safe. As a result, the anaesthetic risk is greatly minimised when a healthy pet is placed under anaesthesia. However, if your pet is not “healthy”, complications can occur both during and after the anaesthetic procedure. Therefore, in order to minimise potential risk associated with anaesthesia, it is vital for us to know the complete health status of your pet before placing him or her under anaesthesia.

Prior to anaesthesia, we will obtain a complete history and perform a detailed physical examination on your pet. While a history and physical exam provide us with important information about your pet’s health, it is impossible to understand the complete physiological picture without performing other tests.

In most cases, if a pet appears “healthy’ based on history and physical exam, an anaesthetic will be uneventful. However, unlike humans, pets cannot tell us when they do not feel well. And as a result of an animals’ instinct to protect themselves. Often at times, sick pets will hide their illness. Therefore, an animal’s appearance of health may be misleading. For example, pets can lose up to 75% of kidney function prior to showing any signs of illness. To understand your pets overall health. it is crucial to derive additional information through testing prior to anaesthesia.

If the results of the pre-anaesthetic tests are within normal ranges, we can proceed with confidence knowing the anaesthetic risk is minimised. On the other hand, if the results are not within the normal ranges, we may alter the anaesthetic procedure. In some cases, we may proceed as planned, yet provide medical support during and after the procedure to ensure your pet’s health. In other cases the test abnormalities maybe significant enough to postpone the procedure in order to monitor and medically treat your pet.

Although performing these tests cannot guarantee the absence of complications, it can significantly minimize the risk to your pet and provide you and us with peace of mind.

These are some of the tests which maybe recommended for your pet.

Blood Chemistry: Blood chemistry tests provide information concerning your pet’s vital organs such as the kidneys, liver, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid and intestinal tract. These tests can also indicate conditions such as anaemia and dehydration as well as endocrine diseases and certain types of tumours.

Complete blood cell count (CBC): The CBC provides information concerning the various types of blood cells. The red blood cells (RBC’s) carry oxygen to the tissues of the body. White blood cells (WBC’s) are the body’s primary defence against infection. Platelets play a major role in the blood clotting process and are essential for halting the bleeding process.

Urinalysis: The urinalysis provides important information about the functioning capacity of the kidneys. In addition, the urine contains many by-products from many organs and abnormal levels of these by-products can include such diseases as liver and kidney disease and diabetes.

Electrolytes: In order to maintain life, the appropriate balance of electrolytes is vital. Certain diseases or conditions may result in electrolyte imbalances that could compromise a pet’s health and ultimately become life threatening.

Other tests: Depending on your pet’s age, history and physical exam, an ECG (electrocardiogram) or serum thyroid levels may be recommended.

For more information, please contact Australind Vets on 08 9797 1584.